I made two cabinets for the White House Permanent Collection in 2008 and this plane trimmed many of the veneers I used for the cross-banded frieze work around the doors.This type study is based upon Roger Smith's original and includes many comments and updates from Patrick Leach. "The improved form of this Plane Iron renders it unnecessary to detach the Cap Iron, at any time, as the connecting screw will slide back to the extreme end of the slot in the Plane Iron, without the danger of falling out.Other smaller parts, including cutters, are user replaceable and could distort the dating process if not original to the tool.Fortunately, many Woden bench planes retain their little-used original cutters which were marked in a specific way.In this study, these planes are referred to as ‘changeover’ planes and such examples will date to c.1961/62.Later RW planes have been found to be rarer in the United Kingdom (see history) and fully RW specified planes will date from late1962 to the end of production, around mid 1965.
There may be some overlap and change as more examples and data is collected., small 5/32 inch (4 mm.) mark and single pane lower face frame, c.1954/55; 7/32 inch (5.5 mm.) mark and two lower face frames, c.1955/57 and Foundry mark "Q" in upper left hand face frame and right hand frog orifice lower than the left, c.1957/61.
These are fully adjustable using the mechanics developed by Veritas in their larger bench planes.
I like both planes and like their apron plane especially, because it’s simple and compact and the most common need for a block plane, and the reason they were often called an apron plane, is because we use them to ease the corners of our work.
I’ve used Stanley block planes since I was 15 years old; 46 years. Block planes are designed to reduce vibration by placing the bevel of the cutting iron uppermost instead of downwards as in the case of regular smoothing planes.
This lower presentation angle give a direct cut negating the need for a cap or back iron and is more effective for cutting across or tangentially to the orientation of the grain.
Re-capping, the original Woden (WW) period is from early 1954 until April 1961, at Wednesbury, and the Record Woden (RW) period is from April 1961 until the end of production, around mid 1965, at Sheffield.